Calluses are hardened bits of skin that form as a result of repeated friction. Guitar players get them on their fingers, climbers get them on their hands and feet, and sometimes people get them on their feet just from wearing walking shoes. It can be an annoying consequence of wearing shoes that don’t fit well or put pressure on the wrong parts. The big difference is that guitar players and climbers often want small calluses on their fingers because it protects them from further damage. However, if calluses are left unchecked, they can become painful and even infected. Fortunately, we’ve been finding out how to care and protect from calluses. Here’s how you do it.
First things first, if you feel a callus coming on, there are a few things you can do to prevent them.
Wear Well-Fitting Shoes
If the callus is forming on your foot, it’s probably because of your shoes. Remember that they are formed in places where there is repeated friction, so you need shoes that spreads the friction around your foot. You can buy shoes that are made specifically for comfort. These and a pair of thick socks should prevent any calluses from forming.
Avoid Wearing High Heels
It doesn’t matter how good you might look; high heels are one of the main reasons that people get calluses on their feet. Think about it, all of the pressure – and therefore the friction – is put on one small area on the heel of your foot. If you really want to wear heels, consider taking some comfortable shoes to change in to.
Using Non-Medicated Pads Over Sensitive Areas
You can buy non-medicated pads over-the-counter to prevent calluses. There’s no magic trick here, you’re just providing an extra layer of padding in between the shoe (or anything else) and your skin. There are a lot of different types and shapes of these pads, so you just need to find some that work for you.
Soak Your Feet In Warm Water
You often don’t need any modern medicine to treat or prevent calluses. In fact, sometimes all you need is to soak your feet in warm water. This softens up the skin and adds some moisture to it to help it heal. The best way to do this is to buy a foot spa or sit at the side of your bath and soak your feet for ten minutes.
Apply Moisturizer Daily
You can lessen the chance of a callus by moisturizing your skin every day. Moisturizer isn’t just for the skin on your face and it can be used to improve the condition of the skin all over your body. We’d recommend looking for a moisturizer that contains salicylic acid, ammonium lactate, or urea because this will help soften any hard, dead skin on the affected area.
Use Inserts In Your Shoes
If you can’t afford to replace your shoes completely, you can also buy shoe inserts that will make them fit better. These will tighten the shoe around your foot and provide a vital layer of padding. They’re relatively inexpensive and will make an old pair of shoes fit like a brand-new pair.
What To Do If You Have Calluses
The following advice is there to help you treat a callus at home, without any medical treatment. If the callus is particularly painful or infected, you should seek professional medical assistance.
Soak Your Feet In Warm Water
Often, to treat a callus, all you need to do is soak it in warm water regularly. You can use a washcloth or pumice stone to gently remove dead skin cells and stop the skin build up. You can also add all sorts of things to the water to make it more effective. These include castor oil and apple cider vinegar, vitamin E, vitamin A, lemons, onions, and bread. We’re not 100% sure how effective these ingredients will be, but at least your feet will smell nice.
Apply Moisturizer Daily
If you’re starting to see a pattern here, that’s because there is one. A lot of the treatments for calluses are the same as the preventions. That’s because calluses are effectively just skin build-up and by treating your skin with care, you can stop them from occurring. Again, look for a moisturizer that contains salicylic acid, ammonium lactate, or urea.
Use Medicated Patches
If your calluses become painful, you can use medicated patches to remove them. These patches contain salicylic acid, which is one of the main methods of removing calluses as well as warts and corns. It’s important to wash and dry the area thoroughly before you apply the medicated patch. Also, make sure you follow the instructions on the package.
Wear Comfortable, Padded Shoes With Socks
This is more important than ever when you actually have a callus on your foot. If you wear shoes that gave you the callus in the first place, it will only become worse. You should swap out your old shoes for a comfortable pair with plenty of padding and double it up with some thick socks. And don’t get carried away as soon as it starts going and put your old shoes straight back on. You need to keep comfortable shoes until it’s completely gone.
Don’t Use A Razor Or Knife To Remove The Skin From Your Callus
One of the biggest mistake people make when they are trying to treat a callus is to remove it themselves. Unfortunately, it’s not as simple as just cutting it off with a razor or knife. This can actually cause your callus to bleed and become infected, even if you do use a clean blade. Make sure you don’t attempt to treat it in this way and instead treat it carefully.
If your callus becomes painful or infected, you should go straight to the doctor. They might be able to help you by trimming or removing dead skin cells, or in serious cases, they will provide you with some medication to remove the infection.
- Understanding Corns and Calluses – Prevention – WebMD
- How to Prevent Calluses on Hands – wikiHow
- 5 Tips to Prevent Calluses and Corns on Toes and Heels – Organic Authority